They have started the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. It is the 31st edition of the modern era. Slightly more than 10,000 athletes are measured to see who the fastest, jumping the highest, which encestan more baskets have better aim ... Years of preparation and sacrifices concentrated in events lasting minutes. Some of them, of the best, have been dropped from the list: as powerful people like Gomez Noya in triathlon or Roger Federer, secure medals for their respective countries.
However, behind the athletes, technical teams responsible for recovery from injuries are, if they occur and preparation of each as in the case of coaches and trainers. Without their work, the chances of success would be minimal.
And, as in any high level competition and a number of important participants, the dreaded injuries occur. Not all sports have the same percentage of injuries, there are more predisposing others.
In the study titled Sports injuries during the Olympic Games in London in 2012, they participated physiotherapists and members of the medical teams of 95 national teams participating in the 2012 Games and all reported injuries in the different Olympic venues and the Polyclinic the Olympic Village.
One out of 10 participants in the 2012 Summer Olympics suffered some form of injury, either during any of the competitions or training. Among the sports that most injuries suffered among participants stressed soccer, taekwondo, hockey, handball, weightlifting and boxing.
Sports reported lower incidence as lesions in the last Olympics were canoeing, rowing, synchronized swimming, diving, fencing, swimming and sailing.
The most and least
Football and sailing are at both ends. In sport king differently they injured consideration more than one third of the participants, while awake only 3 of the 400 sailors suffered some kind of physical problem.
In total 1,055 lesions occurred, with a percentage of 96.1 per thousand athletes. Half of the injuries prevented athletes take part in the competition or training and the most common physical problems were ankle ligament sprains and muscle spasms.
Sports registered more injured, most are contact sports except weightlifting. However, in this discipline, physical exertion is made suddenly and abruptly, effort and momentum carried her legs and subjected to weight-bearing joints such as hips, knees and ankles to a very brief but intense stress. In the arms and forearms, the burden to be borne is huge and can exceed the biological point of fatigue of bones and joints, and cause a fracture or dislocation.
The most fragile areas
The study emphasizes that most injuries (72.5%) occurred during the competition, a third of them were caused by contact with another athlete, 22% by muscle overload and 20% for non-contact injuries. The conclusions of the experts determine that the risks of injury are multiplied during the competition and physical problems focus on the ankle, thigh and certain sports.
There are factors that predispose to sprain and are of two types:
A. Age: The oldest is the athlete, the greater the risk of an ankle injury.
B. Sex: women are more prone to knee injuries and ankle especially the week before menstruation.
C. Previous history of ankle sprains. the likelihood of a new sprain is two or three times if there is a previous history.
D- Factors related to the foot especially the foot with long bow or supinating tread.
E. Other factors include being overweight, poor physical condition, muscular atrophy.
A. Type of sport: basketball and football are sports that have a higher incidence of sprains, between 15-50% of them.
B. Level of competition: the possibility of suffering a sprain during a competition is 24 times greater than during a workout.
C. Technical quality is more common than those with the worst technical level players get injured.
D. Type of footwear: sneakers with air chamber predispose sprain. It is attributed to the loss of stability of the back foot.
E. Errors in physical preparation and the absence of warming up and stretching before and after sporting activity.
F. Sports practice on a given surface. The tartan and other artificial surfaces associated more prone to injury than grass.
G.Uso ankle braces or bandages stabilizer significantly reduces the number of ankle injuries especially in dragging previous ankle injuries.
Regarding the thigh as prone to injury zone should most muscle problems, whether in the anterior region corresponding to the quadriceps or rear, where it runs hamstrings. Most of muscle injuries are minor although a percentage close to 10% call them serious because they can cause serious sequelae.
According to statistics, between 25 and 30% of high-performance athletes are injured (keep in mind that an elite athlete, between 30-40% of their body weight corresponds to muscle tissue).
The determining factors for a muscle injury to occur are nutrition before and during sport state as well as the right balance of electrolytes and salts. Sweating causes loss of fluids and salts in the body. The muscles are losing elasticity to lose moisture, so after prolonged exercise increase your chances of getting a contracture or rupture.